Earlier this year, while putting together a video about the world’s fastest solvers in the Rubik’s Cube, I decided to give myself some time to learn to solve the classic puzzle myself. Tyson Mao, a co-founder of the World Cube Association, came to WIRED’s office and spent about an hour teaching me his go-to beginner method. He later told me that, through practice, I could probably get below my average resolution time of a minute and a half. Ninety seconds is not fast according to the Speed Cubing Standard (below the world’s fastest Cuban average of 10 seconds per salvage), but Mao said it would be an honorable time for a Doubler like me.
I started practicing the next day. It took me more than 20 minutes to solve my own cube for the first time. Brutal. But I kept it up: for two weeks I spent at least 20 minutes every day scratching my cube and solving it the way Mao taught me. First I memorized a handful of algorithms (Cuban lingo for the defined sequences of rice known to move a cube closer to its resolved state). Then I practiced performing them faster and more precisely.
For three days I was solving the cube in four minutes. I broke the two-minute barrier a few days later on a cross-country flight to Florida. (Plane Hall is an ideal place for cubing practice.) Improvements came more slowly after that, but within a fortnight I would reduce my average resolution time to less than 60 seconds.
By the time we released the video about speedcubing, many viewers had requested that WIRED create another video demonstrating the method I used when learning to solve cubes. So we created one! Above you will find a visual guide where I will take you through the same solution method that Mao taught me. Below is a written tutorial that summarizes the points in the video, including the eight steps you will follow to solve the cube, an overview of the cube notation, and a description of the algorithms you need to memorize.
The tutorial below was originally created by Mao, so all the credit goes to him. I just tweaked it for clarity.
One last thing: although the tutorial may serve as a standalone document, it is really intended as a complement to the video. Over time, you may come to rely solely on written instructions, but don’t be discouraged if you see the video referring for help — especially when you’re just starting out.
Algorithm for solving Rubix Cube
A Rubik’s Cube is an interesting puzzle invented by ‘Erno Rubik’ with 43 quintillion potential configurations. But using specific algorithms, this can be easily solved. Nowadays there are many variations of the Rubik’s Cube but the most basic is 3x3x3 Rubik’s Cube.
A 3x3x3 Rubik’s Cube is made up of 21 pieces: 1 main part with three axes, 8 corner pieces with three tones (solid shape of corners), and 12 edge pieces with two tones (edge 3D squares).
Note: – The focal point is always in its original position.
Basic rotation of the Rubix Cube
R: Rotate the right level clockwise.
R ‘: Rotate the right level counterclockwise.
L: Rotate the left level clockwise.
L ‘: Rotate the left level counterclockwise.
U: Rotate the top layer clockwise.
U ‘: Rotate the top layer counterclockwise.
F: Rotate the front layer clockwise.
F ‘: Rotate the front layer counterclockwise
How to solve Rubix Cube for beginners
The simple solution to the Rubik’s Cube solution is to follow the method of solving first the lower layer, then the middle layer, and then the upper layer.
See the steps for solving Rubik’s Cube
Step 1: First select a focal point of any color (say white) and then draw a white cross with the four edges adjacent to the white center.
Step 2: Match the colors of the four centerpieces of the lateral face one by one with the edges of the bottom layer and send the combined pairs in opposite directions and then bring them back to form a white cross.
Step 3: Set the angles first with the right angles to match the desired color of the bottom layer. Then apply the algorithm R U R ‘U’ and repeat the same algorithm until the bottom corner is set to the correct position as shown below.
Step 4: Match the four edges of the lateral face to create the second layer. First, match the color of the edge of the top layer with the center layer and observe the other part of the piece i.e. the color of the top layer.
Case 1: If the color of the other part matches the center of the right side, apply the algorithm UR U R ‘U’ F ‘U’ F.
Case 2: If the color of the other part matches the center of the left side, apply the algorithm U’L ‘U’ L U F U F ‘.
Step 5: Make a yellow cross at the top level by applying the simple algorithm F R U R ’U’ F ’1-3 times as shown below.
Step 6: Now match any one edge of the upper layer with the center of the middle layer and then apply the algorithm F R U R ‘U’ F ‘until all the edges are done.
Step 7: Now to match all the corner pieces in the top layer, first look at the corner that is already matching and place it on the front and on the right. If none of the corner pieces are in the right place, you can hold the cube in any orientation and apply the algorithm U R U ‘L’ U R ‘U’ L with the incomparable pieces at the top.
Step 8: In the final step keep the yellow as the front face and start from any angle Apply the algorithm UR’U’R until the angle is aligned correctly, then rotate the top layer to bring another irregular angle to the top right and repeat. The U R ‘U’ R algorithm has to be rearranged, and so on. After sorting out all the corner pieces, simply remove the yellow face layer 1-2 times if you need to completely dissolve the cube.
With this final step, the Rubik’s cube is finally solved.
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Here are some things you should know about Rubik’s Cube. Some of these points may seem trivial to you at first, but each one gives you insights that will become clearer the more time you spend with the cube.
The Rubik’s Cube has six faces.
Each face is defined by its center. When the cube is resolved, the face of the blue center will eventually turn blue.
The centers are not moving. White is usually the opposite of yellow, blue is usually the opposite of green and red is usually the opposite of orange.
There are three stickers on the corner pieces and two stickers on the edge pieces. When solving the cube, try to remember that you are not the sticker, remove the pieces. Another way to think about this point is that a red sticker on a corner part will never go to the edge position.
History of the Rubix Cube
The Rubik’s Cube was invented by Arno Rubik, a Hungarian sculptor, and professor of architecture. Rubik hoped to create something that would help him understand how a structure consisting of more than one piece could move those pieces without destroying the process. It wasn’t until he shook the pieces and had to fix them that he discovered its potential use as a 3-D puzzle.
The first cube, a test design, was dropped off at a toy store in Budapest in 1977 before the American toy company Ideal Toys was purchased. Ideal rebranded the cube as the Rubik’s Cube in 1980 to honor the creator, and the toy became hugely popular over the next decade.
Eventually, the Rubik’s Cube dropped out of popularity in the United States and many other Western countries; however, it was popular in China and the USSR was then because this trend later spread to communist countries around the world. The popularity of cubes in communist countries, especially in populations like China, eventually led to the production of toys.
With the formation of the World Cube Association in 2003, Rubik’s Cube became popular again in the 21st century. SpeedCubing has always been popular with Rubik’s Cube enthusiasts, but the formation of this company helped fans grow faster. Strategies to solve them.
Currently, a man named Yusheng Du from China holds the world record for solving a single cube in just 3.47 seconds. But there are other records, too:
Jack Kai of Australia recorded a single cube solution in the blink of an eye in 16.22 seconds
Australia’s Felix Zemdegas records single-cube, one-handed, in 6.88 seconds
Daniel Rose-Levin of the United States set a single-cube world record in 16.96 seconds for solving with just one foot.